The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of UIGEA did not specifically prohibit online gambling; instead, it outlawed financial transactions involving online gambling service providers - some offshore gambling providers reacted by shutting down their services for US customers. On July 1, , a new law took effect in the state of South Carolina , whereby the ownership, possession, or operation of a video poker machine, for either commercial or personal use, became illegal.
Violators are subject to prosecution and substantial fines. Through at least , the only type of legalized gambling in that state is the South Carolina Education Lottery. Commercial casinos are founded and run by private companies on non-Native American land. There are 23 states and two U. Virgin Islands, Washington, and West Virginia. The history of native American commercial gambling began in , when the Seminoles began running bingo games. Native Americans were familiar with the concept of small-scale gambling, such as placing bets on sporting contests.
For example, the Iroquois, Ojibways, and Menominees would place bets on games of snow snake. By , about three hundred native American groups hosted some sort of gaming. Some native American tribes operate casinos on tribal land to provide employment and revenue for their government and their tribe members. Tribal gaming is regulated on the tribal, state, and federal level.
Native American tribes are required to use gambling revenue to provide for governmental operations, economic development, and the welfare of their members. Federal regulation of native American gaming was established under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of Under the provisions of that law, games are divided into three distinct categories:. Of the federally recognized tribes in , participated in class two or class III gaming by Approximately forty percent of the federally recognized tribes operate gaming establishments.
Like other Americans, many indigenous Americans have dissension over the issue of casino gambling. Some tribes are too isolated geographically to make a casino successful, while some do not want non-native Americans on their land. Though casino gambling is controversial, it has proven economically successful for most tribes, and the impact of American Indian gambling has proven to be far-reaching.
Gaming creates many jobs, not only for native Americans, but also for non-native Americans, and in this way can positively affect relations with the non-native American community. On some reservations, the number of non-native American workers is larger than the number of Native American workers because of the scale of the casino resorts. Although casinos have proven successful for both the tribes and the surrounding regions, state residents may oppose construction of native American casinos, especially if they have competing projects.
The project's objective was to create jobs for the tribes' young people. The same day the state voted against the Indian casino project, Maine voters approved a plan to add slot machines to the state's harness racing tracks.
Class III gaming is under the jurisdiction of the states. For instance, in order for a tribe to build and operate a casino, the tribe must work and negotiate with the state in which it is located. These Tribal-State compacts determine how much revenue the states will obtain from the Indian casinos. The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act requires that gaming revenues be used only for governmental or charitable purposes. Revenues have been used to build houses, schools, and roads; to fund health care and education; and to support community and economic development initiatives.
Indian gaming is the first and essentially the only economic development tool available on Indian reservations. The classic lottery is a drawing in which each contestant buys a combination of numbers. Plays are usually non-exclusive, meaning that two or more ticket holders may buy the same combination. The lottery organization then draws the winning combination of numbers, usually from 1 to 50, using a randomized, automatic ball tumbler machine.
To win, contestants match their combinations of numbers with the drawn combination. The combination may be in any order, except in some "mega ball" lotteries, where the "mega" number for the combination must match the ball designated as the "mega ball" in the winning combination. If there are multiple winners, they split the winnings, also known as the "Jackpot". Winnings are currently subject to federal income taxes as ordinary income. Winnings can be awarded as a yearly annuity or as a lump sum , depending on lottery rules.
Most states have state-sponsored and multi-state lotteries. There are only five states that do not sell lottery tickets: Alabama, Alaska, Hawaii, Nevada, and Utah. In some states, revenues from lotteries are designated for a specific budgetary purpose, such as education.
Other states put lottery revenue into the general fund. Multi-jurisdictional lotteries generally have larger jackpots due to the greater number of tickets sold. The Mega Millions and Powerball games are the biggest of such lotteries in terms of numbers of participating states. Some state lotteries run games other than the lotteries. Usually, these are in the scratchcard format, although some states use pull-tab games.
In either format, cards are sold that have opaque areas. In some games, all of the opaque material is removed to see if the contestant has won, and how much. In other scratchcard games, a contestant must pick which parts of a card to scratch, to match amounts or play another form of game. These games are prone to forgeries both from card dealers who can sell fake cards and players who can fake winning cards.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. His grandmother arranged both loans for Walters. His grandmother died when Walters was 13, forcing him to move to Louisville, KY , to be with his mother. There he worked two jobs, one in the morning at a bakery and the second at a gas station in the evenings. He rented a room in the basement from his mother. He married and had a child before graduating high school. The marriage was short-lived.
Each time he sold a car, he mailed a self-promotion letter to 10 people living on each side of that customer's home. He would peruse the daily newspaper for car ads, inviting the ads' sellers to do trades with him. He went through the phone book and cold-called people. Walters worked 80 hours a week selling cars and setting dealership records.
In , he was hired as sales manager at Steven's Brothers Auto Sales, a competing dealership. He worked at Stevens Brothers until , when he started his own business, Taylor Boulevard Auto Sales, wholesaling cars to other dealers throughout the southeastern United States. During that time, Walters also remained involved in sports betting. In , he left the automobile industry to become a full-time sports bettor.
He was running his own betting service on the side and, in , pled guilty to a misdemeanor charge of possession of gambling records in Kentucky. The charge later was expunged from his record. It was then that he decided to move with his wife, Susan, to Las Vegas, where opportunity beckoned and betting on sports was legal.
Walters started gambling when he was 9 years old, when he bet the money he earned from his paper route on the New York Yankees to beat the Brooklyn Dodgers in the World Series. The Dodgers won and Walters lost the bet, but it did not deter him from gambling. Walters was a losing gambler as late as Walters once lost his house during a game of pitching nickels. The winner did not take possession; Walters agreed to pay off the debt over the next 18 months. Walters' success changed in his mid to late 30s.
Caesars, however, declined his request. Walters then took his proposition to the Atlantic Club Casino Hotel , then known as the Golden Nugget, which was accepted. The pair noticed a wheel bias and bet on the In the s, Walters joined the Computer Group, which used computer analysis to analyze sports outcomes.
Over a period of 39 years, Walters had only one losing year, with a year winning streak. Though he has finished in the red for a few months, he was always in the black by the end of the year. Walters bet on basketball, NFL , and college football. In April , Walters was found guilty of insider trading after using non-public information from Thomas C.
Davis, a board member of Dean Foods. Walters' source, company director Thomas C. Davis, using a prepaid cell phone and sometimes the code words "Dallas Cowboys" for Dean Foods, helped Walters, between and , realize profits and avoid losses in the stock, the Federal jury found. At the trial, investor Carl C. On December 4, , the U. Walters was initially imprisoned at Federal Prison Camp, Pensacola, but was released to home confinement in Carlsbad, California, on May, 1, , amid the coronavirus pandemic.
His sentence was scheduled to be completed on January 10, ,  and was commuted by Donald Trump on January 20, Walters has three children, and was an avid golfer. Walters is a noted philanthropist and has donated to Opportunity Village, a Las Vegas nonprofit for people with intellectual disabilities.
The rivers that created the marsh eventually went underground, and the marsh receded. The valley then evolved into a parched, arid landscape that only supported the hardiest animals and plants. At some point in the valley's early geologic history , the water resurfaced and flowed into what is now the Colorado River. This created a luxurious plant life, forming a wetland oasis in the Mojave Desert landscape. An abundance of Late Pleistocene fossils have been discovered from this locality, including Columbian mammoths and Camelops hesternus.
Native Americans lived in the Las Vegas Valley, beginning over 10, years ago. Archaeologists have discovered baskets, petroglyphs , pictographs and other evidence in diverse locations, including Gypsum Cave and Tule Springs. Paiutes moved into the area as early as AD , migrating between nearby mountains in the summer and spending winter in the valley, near Big Springs. A trade caravan of 60 men led by the Spanish merchant Antonio Armijo was charged with establishing a trade route to Los Angeles.
John C. He was appointed by President John Tyler to lead a group of scientists , scouts , and spies for the United States Army Corps of Engineers who were preparing for a possible war with Mexico. Upon arriving in the valley they made camp at the Las Vegas Springs , establishing a clandestine fort there. A war with Mexico did occur, resulting in the region becoming United States territory. The fort was used in later years by travelers, mountain men , hunters, and traders seeking shelter, but was never permanently inhabited.
However, because of tensions rising between leaders of the small Mormon community, the summer heat and difficulty growing crops, the missionaries returned to Utah in , abandoning the fort. For the next few years the area remained unoccupied by Americans except for travelers and traders. Then the U. Army , in an attempt to deceive Confederate spies active in southern California in , falsely publicized that it reclaimed the fort and had renamed it Fort Baker, briefly recalling the area to national attention.
After the end of the war in , Octavius Gass , with a commission from the federal government, re-occupied the fort. The Paiute nation had declined in numbers and negotiated a new treaty with the United States, ceding the area around the fort to the United States in return for relocation and supplies of food and farming equipment.
Consequently, Gass started irrigating the old fields and renamed the area 'Las Vegas Rancho. In , because of mismanagement and intrigue with a Mormon syndicate, Gass lost his ranch to Archibald Stewart to pay off a lien Stewart had on the property. Stewart became the Las Vegas Postmaster.
Clark enlisted Utah's U. Clark and Kearns promoted the area to American farmers who quickly expanded the farming plots of the areas. Not until did the first large-scale migration of Mormons begin in the area, at long last fulfilling Brigham Young's early dream. Through wells and arid irrigation, agriculture became the primary industry for the next 20 years and in return for his development, the farmers named the area Clark County in honor of the railroad tycoon and Senator.
By the early 20th century, wells piped water into the town, providing both a reliable source of fresh water and the means for additional growth. The increased availability of water in the area allowed Las Vegas to become a water stop , first for wagon trains and later railroads , on the trail between Los Angeles , California , and points east such as Albuquerque , New Mexico. Senator William Andrews Clark was the majority owner of the railroad, which was a corporation based in Utah.
Among its original incorporators were Utah's U. Senator Thomas Kearns and his business partner David Keith. Kearns and Keith helped Clark ensure the success of the new railroad across Utah and into Nevada to California. Curiously, for a time there were two towns named Las Vegas.
McWilliams, who was hired by the Stewart family during the sale of the Las Vegas Rancho and bought available land west of the ranch. It was from their property that Las Vegas took form. Clark subsequently built another railroad branching off from Las Vegas to the boom town of Bullfrog called the Las Vegas and Tonopah Railroad.
With the revenue coming down both railways that intersected there, the area of Las Vegas was quickly growing. Las Vegas was the driving force in the creation of Clark County , Nevada in and the city was incorporated in as a part of the county. The first mayor of Las Vegas was Peter Buol who served from to Shortly after the city's incorporation, the State of Nevada reluctantly became the last western state to outlaw gaming.
This occurred at midnight, October 1, , when a strict anti-gambling law became effective in Nevada. It even forbade the western custom of flipping a coin for the price of a drink. Nonetheless, Las Vegas had a diversified economy and a stable and prosperous business community, and therefore continued to grow until In that year, a combination of economic influences and the redirection of resources by the federal government in support of the war effort forced the Las Vegas and Tonopah Railroad to declare bankruptcy.
Although William Clark sold the remains of the company to the Union Pacific Railroad , a nationwide strike in left Las Vegas in a desperate state. The dam was later renamed the Hoover Dam during the Truman administration. Work started on the dam in and Las Vegas' population swelled from around 5, citizens to 25,, with most of the newcomers looking for a job building the dam.
However, the demographic of the work force consisting of males from across the country with no attachment to the area created a market for large-scale entertainment. A combination of local Las Vegas business owners and Mafia crime lords helped develop the casinos and showgirl theaters to entertain the largely male dam construction workers. Despite the influx of known crime figures, the local business community tried to cast Las Vegas in a respectable light when the Secretary of the Interior Ray Lyman Wilbur visited in to inspect the dam site.
However a subordinate was found with alcohol on his breath this was during the time of Prohibition after a visit to Block 16 in Las Vegas. The government ultimately decided that a federally controlled town, Boulder City , would be erected for the dam workers. Realizing that gambling would be profitable for local business, the Nevada state legislature legalized gambling at the local level in Las Vegas, with a small but already well-established illegal gambling industry, was poised to begin its rise as the gaming capital of the world.
The county issued the first gambling license in to the Northern Club , and soon other casinos were licensed on Fremont Street like the Las Vegas Club and the Hotel Apache. Fremont Street became the first paved street in Las Vegas  and received the city's first traffic light in In reply, the federal government restricted movement of the dam workers to Las Vegas. Smuggling and circuitous routes then were developed. In , to curtail these activities and the resulting growth of criminal figures in the gambling industry, the city's leading figures purged gambling dens and started an effort to stem the flow of workers from the dam.
This only emboldened some dam workers who still contrived to visit Las Vegas. A celebration of this era has become known as Helldorado Days. Although the suppression efforts resulted in declines at gambling venues and resulted in a business downturn, the city was recharged—both literally and figuratively—when the dam was completed in In , Southern Nevada Power became the first utility to supply power from the dam, and Las Vegas was its first customer.
Electricity flowed into Las Vegas and Fremont Street became known as Glitter Gulch due to the many bright lights powered by electricity from Hoover Dam. Meanwhile, although the dam worker population disappeared, Hoover Dam and its reservoir, Lake Mead , turned into tourist attractions on their own and the need for additional higher-class hotels became clear. In , U. Route 95 was finally extended south into Las Vegas, giving the city two major access roads. Also in Las Vegas's first permanent radio station , KENO , began broadcasting replacing the niche occupied earlier by transient broadcasters.
On January 25, , the U. Mayor John L. Russell signed over land to the U. Army Quartermaster Corps for this development. The gunnery school later would become Nellis Air Force Base. The U. Army was not pleased with the legal prostitution in Las Vegas and in forced Las Vegas to outlaw the practice, putting Block 16, the local red light district , permanently out of business. The hotel gained much of its fame from the gourmet buffet that it offered.
On October 30, , Texas cinema magnate R. Griffith rebuilt on the site of a nightclub called Pair-O-Dice ,  that first opened in , and renamed it Hotel Last Frontier. A few more resorts were built on and around Fremont Street, but it was the next hotel on the Strip that publicly demonstrated the influence of organized crime on Las Vegas.
Although ethnic organized crime figures had been involved in some of the operations at the hotels, the Mafia bosses never owned or controlled the hotels and clubs which remained monopolized by hard-bitten local Las Vegas families who were unwilling to cede ground to the crime bosses and proved strong enough to push back.
This changed in post-war Las Vegas when Jewish gangster Bugsy Siegel , with help from friend and fellow mob boss Meyer Lansky , poured money through locally owned banks for cover of legitimacy and built The Flamingo in Siegel modeled his enterprises on the long-running gambling empire in Galveston, Texas , which had pioneered the high-class casino concepts that became mainstays on the Strip.
The Flamingo initially lost money and Siegel died in a hail of gunfire in Beverly Hills, California in the summer of Additionally, local police and Clark County Sheriff deputies were notorious for their heavy-handed tactics toward mobsters who "grew too big for their pants. After gambling was legalized, the Bank of Las Vegas, led by E.
Parry Thomas , became the first bank to lend money to the casinos, which Thomas regarded as the most important businesses in Las Vegas. Gambling was no longer the only attraction; the biggest stars of films and music like Frank Sinatra , Dean Martin , Andy Williams , Liberace , Bing Crosby , Carol Channing , and others performed in intimate settings.
After coming to see these stars, the tourists would resume gambling, and then eat at the gourmet buffets that have become a staple of the casino industry. It was the seventh of 14 hearings held by the commission. The hearings established that Las Vegas interests were required to pay Siegel to get the race wire transmitting the results of horse and dog races, prizefight results and other sports action into their casinos. The hearing concluded that organized crime money was incontrovertibly tied to the Las Vegas casinos and was becoming the controlling interest in the city, earning the organized crime groups vast amounts of income, strengthening their influence in the country.
This led to a proposal by the Senate to institute federal gambling control. Nevada's Senator Pat McCarran was instrumental in defeating the measure in committee. Along with their connections in Hollywood and New York City, these interests in Las Vegas were able to use publicity provided by these media capitals to steer the rapid growth of tourism into Las Vegas, thereby dooming Galveston, Texas ; Hot Springs, Arkansas ; and other illegal gaming centers around the nation.
While the Strip was booming, the U. Atomic Energy Commission on January 27, detonated the first of over a hundred atmospheric explosions at the Nevada Test Site. Despite the dangers and risks of radiation exposure from the fallout, which were greatly underestimated at the time, Las Vegas advertised the explosions as another tourist attraction   and offered Atomic Cocktails in the Sky Room restaurant at the Desert Inn that provided the highest view of the mushroom clouds.
Parry Thomas during those years funded the growing boom in casinos. But Las Vegas was doing more than growing casinos. In , McCarran Field was established for commercial air traffic. In the University of Nevada, Las Vegas was first established, initially as a branch of the University of Nevada, Reno and becoming independent in A new utility company, Southwest Gas expanded into Las Vegas in These atmospheric tests would continue until enactment of the Partial Test Ban Treaty in when the tests moved underground.
The last test explosion was in Ties on a three or more team teaser shall revert to the next lowest betting bracket Example: A tie on a three team becomes a two team teaser. Sweetheart Teasers: A sweetheart teaser combines either three or four football or basketball wagers. The number of points that you adjust the point spreads or totals by depends on the sport and the number of teams in the teaser, as follows:.
If one of the wagers results in a tie, the whole teaser will be considered a loss. If one of the picks is graded "No Action" e. Like a regular teaser, a loss in your sweetheart will make the entire wager a loss regardless of the outcome of the other selections. What is a Future Wager and Proposition Wager? Future wagers are based on the outcome of events that happen each year. All wagers are final. There will be no payouts until the conclusion of the specified season.
Proposition wagers are based on the outcome of events that happen each year. Odds change daily and all wagers are considered action at the odds quoted at the time of the wager. What are Half-Time Wagers? The wager is placed on the odds posted for the second half of a game only.
All wagers must go the full half for action first half and second half. All halftime wagers are calculated the same as a straight wager unless otherwise indicated. There are no teaser plays or buying of points on half-times. On half-time wagers, overtime periods are included as part of the 2nd half. What are European Odds? European odds are different from the North American style of odds. In North America, money lines are used to determine the line.
For this to be true in a European style of betting, the odds would be 2. The 2. What is Buy Points Online? You can move the pointspread on football and basketball so that you give away less points with the favorite or get more points with the underdog. You may buy up to 3 points!
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